The overall tendency outlook of Finnish companies for the next six months has remained rather good and improvement is expected in the second half of 2017. The general business outlook balance indicator was +10 (April +13) in manufacturing, while the outlook level was +18 (+19) in construction and +16 (+20) in services.
Moderate growth in second half of the year
Output and sales grew rather rapidly in the second quarter and new orders in manufacturing increased significantly. In manufacturing and services, growth is forecast to continue in a near similar vein in the coming months. In construction, the pace of growth is expected to slow down somewhat.
Order books were slightly above average both in manufacturing and construction. The capacity utilisation rate in manufacturing and construction has already attained a high level. In July, capacity was fully utilised in as much as 86% of the companies that responded (74% in April).
The number of employees grew slightly in early summer. A small increase in personnel numbers is also forecast for the coming months. Profitability is forecast to strengthen somewhat.
With the improving economic situation, lack of capacity and recruitment difficulties have become more common while fewer companies are suffering from lacklustre demand. Of all business respondents, 18% said demand was lacklustre. Nearly as many, 17%, suffered from recruitment difficulties.
EK Business Tendency Survey
The Business Tendency Survey is published four times a year by the Confederation of Finnish Industries (EK). The survey has been carried out regularly since 1966. It is part of the European Commission’s Joint Harmonised EU Programme of Business and Consumer Surveys, which is partially funded by the EU. The survey concerns activity in Finland.
In July 2017, the Confederation of Finnish Industries asked businesses to evaluate their business outlook for the second half of 2017. 1,171 companies employing approximately 250,000 people replied to the survey.